Ubuhamya

Ibice bimwe byakuwe mu buhamya bwafashwe n’abacitse ku icumu n’abahoze ari abajenosideri Ubu bushakashatsi bwanditse amasaha menshi cyane yo gufata amashusho. Dore guhitamo ibi biganiro byafashwe amajwi bigamije gutanga igitekerezo, binyuze mu mashusho, kuburyo bwakoreshejwe n’iperereza kugira ngo akore iperereza rye. Hazabaho ikiganiro ku giti cye n’uwacitse ku icumu, ikindi n’uwahoze ari umujenosideri, ndetse no kwiyubaka byakozwe mu murima hamwe n’uwahoze ari umujenosideri. Dutangirana no guha icyubahiro umwe mu bayobozi bakuru b’abirwanagaho mu Bisesero.

Gushimira Simeon Karamaga:

Simeon Karamaga, umwe mu bayobozi bakuru b’abaturage ba Bisesero barwanyije jenoside yakorewe abatutsi mu Rwanda, yadusize muri Gicurasi 2020. Mu rwego rwo guha icyubahiro uyu muntu ukomeye, dore igice cyakuwe mu kiganiro yakoreyeyo imyaka icumi kandi aho avuga uburyo abazungu bagize, hagati muri Gicurasi 1994, baza gushyigikira ingufu za jenoside kubera ubwicanyi bukomeye bwo kurwanya abatutsi. Simeon Karamaga yari umuyobozi wungirije ushinzwe kurwanya abicanyi b’interahamwe. Ubutwari n'ubwenge bwe byatumye abasivili ibihumbi icumi b'Abatutsi bateraniye i Bisesero kurwana ibyumweru batagira imbunda imbere y'ibitero bya ba jenosideri. Ku buryo aba nyuma nta kundi bari kubigenza uretse guhamagarira abasirikare b'abazungu bitwaje intwaro zikomeye ngo bafate iri tsinda rya nyuma ryo kurwanya jenoside. Ku ya 12 Gicurasi 1994, Simeon Karamaga yabonye abo basirikare b'abazungu bifatanya n'abicanyi babo kugira ngo bategure igitero cya jenoside bukeye. Kwiruka kugira ngo bakize uruhu rwabo, ntabwo abarokotse bose b'Abatutsi babonye aba basirikare icumi, makumyabiri cyangwa mirongo itatu b'abazungu mu gitero gikomeye cyahuzaga ibihumbi n'ibihumbi bya bajenosideri. Ariko abarokotse benshi bababonye bemeza ko aba bazungu bagize uruhare rugaragara, ku ya 13 Gicurasi, mu bwicanyi bwakorewe abatutsi barenga 40.000 i Bisesero. Intwaro zikomeye zo gutinyuka guhangana n'abasivili barwana n'amaboko yambaye ubusa niyo nzira yonyine ya jenoside yatsinze abo bagabo n'abagore badasanzwe. Nintambara y’ubutwari yo kurwanya ubugwari, icyubahiro cyo kurwanya agasuzuguro, urugamba aho abatutsi ba Bisesero aribo batsinze bikomeye mu bijyanye n’ubumuntu, mu bihe bidashira.

 

URUGERO RW'IKIGANIRO CY'UMUNTU N’UWAHOZE ARI UMUJENOSIDERI:

Jean Ngarambe avuga ko yagiye, ku ya 12 Gicurasi 1994, i Mubuga aho yari azi ko azabona abasirikare b'u Rwanda. Icyakora, bari abasirikare b'Abafaransa yatunguwe no guhurirayo nabo. Yabanje kugenwa guherekeza abasirikare b'Abafaransa mu cyerekezo cya Bisesero, usibye ko nyuma yaje kubona ko atazi igifaransa. Jean avuga ko bukeye bwaho ku ya 13 Gicurasi, yagiye i Bisesero kwica abasivili b'Abatutsi ari kumwe n'abasirikare b'Abafaransa. Ubu buhamya bwakusanyijwe na Serge Farnel ku ya 30 Mata 2009 i Mubuga. Mbere yo kwandikwa mu gitabo "U Rwanda, ku ya 13 Gicurasi 1994. Ubwicanyi bw’Abafaransa?", Inyandiko mvugo y’iki kiganiro, kimwe n’ibindi biganiro byose, yagenzuwe neza uhereye ku buhinduzi bwa mbere mu Kinyarwanda no mu gifaransa.

URUGERO RWA RWO KWIYUBAKA KWAFASHWE AMAFOTO:

Raphaël Mageza avuga uburyo, ku ya 13 Gicurasi 1994, yagize uruhare mu kurangiza abasivili b'Abatutsi bahungiye ku musozi wa Nyiramakware, kandi bakomeretse mbere n'amasasu y'abasirikare b'abazungu bari bahagaze ahateganye, ku musozi wa Mumubuga. Ubu buhamya bwakusanyijwe na Serge Farnel ku ya 16 Gashyantare 2010 ku musozi wa Mumubuga. Mbere yo kwandikwa mu gitabo "U Rwanda, ku ya 13 Gicurasi 1994. Ubwicanyi bw’Abafaransa?” Inyandiko mvugo y’iki kiganiro, kimwe n’ibindi biganiro byose, yagenzuwe neza uhereye ku buhinduzi bwa mbere kugeza indege ya Kinyarwanda mu gifaransa.

 

URUGERO RW'IKIGANIRO CY'UMUNTU WAROKOTSE CY'ISAHA ​​N’IMINOTA 45’

Ubuhamya bwa Adrien Harolimana bwakusanyijwe na Serge Farnel ku ya 22 Mata 2009 i Kibuye. Adrien asobanura by'umwihariko uko we, ku ya 12 Gicurasi 1994, yabonye imodoka y'abasirikare b'abazungu banyura mu muhanda, mu gihe yari ku musozi wa Gitwa (Bisesero). Kwiyubaka ahabereye ku ya 12 Gicurasi 1994 byasobanuwe muri ubu buhamya byakozwe kandi bifatwa amashusho ku ya 30 Mata 2009. Mbere yo kwandikwa mu gitabo "Rwanda, ku ya 13 Gicurasi 1994. Ubwicanyi bw’Abafaransa?", Inyandiko mvugo y'iki kiganiro, kimwe n'ibindi biganiro byose, yagenzuwe neza kugira ngo ihindurwe bwa mbere kuva Kinyarwanda ihindurwa mu Gifaransa. Iki kiganiro ni kimwe mubiganiro byambere byahinduwe n’umusemuzi utabigize umwuga. N’umukameramani wari ushinzwe gufata amashusho y'ibiganiro bitandukanye mu nama nyunguranabitekerezo yabereye i Kigali. Umushakashatsi yari umwe mu batanze ibiganiro muri iyi nama maze asaba uwamufotoraga kumuherekeza kugira ngo atange ubuhamya. Ubu buhamya bwakusanyijwe na Serge Farnel ku ya 22 Mata 2009 mu cyumba cyo mu rugo Saint-Jean, hoteri iherereye i Kibuye, kandi itegereje ikiyaga cya Kivu.